Friday, June 26, 2020

Milton Friedmans Economic Idea and Monetary Theory Development

Development of Economics Thought Introduction One of the most significant figures in the field of the economical life and development of the new theories of the 20th century Milton Friedman was first to present a new idea of the economic development and the main directions in its spreading over the international markets and the market of the United States as one of the most significant and influential. He supported the idea of a free market and honest competition.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Just living in a Material World - 1000 Words

What makes the American society American? Is it our big cities? Our adaptations to new technology? Our extravagant shopping opportunities? Is it the convenience of our society? The fast food opportunities? The drive-thrus? It is our emphasis on personal travel and transportation means? Or is it our desire for wealth and success? Many Americans focus on these aspects of our society to be happy in their lives. Americans strive to be the best and often little will stop them on their way. There is an emphasis on money, success, and owning the newest and most popular items. This want and desire for the best material goods can be described as materialism. Moreover, another damaging aspect of American society is the media portrayal of what is†¦show more content†¦In other words, young men are told that in order to fit in with adult men, they must drink. However, drinking to the excess is not something God intended for His people and undercuts the faith. Moreover, the media portray s the use of sexual relations. Such relations are shown as carefree, normal, and risk-free. They send the idea to teens ‘everyone does it’ and if you do not, you do not fit in (â€Å"Impact of Media Use on Children and Youth† 4). To prove this point, the article â€Å"Impact of Media Use on Children and Youth† states, â€Å"Sex between unmarried partners is shown 24 times more often than sex between spouses† (4). Essentially, the article states that the media portrays sex outside of marriage as more popular and normal than sex inside a marriage, which is what God intends for all of us. To avoid such portrayals from the media, one can limit the amount of time they spend watching television or on the internet. Families of young children could have talks about what is seen on television compared to what the church teaches. Parents need to develop their child’s moral understandings. The background of the church teaching should be started at a young age when kids are most influenced by the media. In a culture that places an emphasis on the newest and latest fashion andShow MoreRelatedLiving in a Sustainable Manner1566 Words   |  7 Pagesa variety of recycled materials, that otherwise would be wasted. These artists use recycled trash like metal, broken tools, discarded wood, as well as gold jewelry and animals. Try donating one of your broken jewelry pieces to them and see it be molded in their next spectacular work of art. Anything they find is used to make their pià ¨ce de rà ©sistance or masterwork. This idea or concept is called sustainable living. Sustainable living has affected many artists around the world, by creating art it helpsRead MoreThere Are So Many Religions In The World Today That It1741 Words   |  7 Pages There are so many religions in the world today that it would take several lifetimes to fully understand each and every one. Luckily, we will just be discussing the four major Eastern religions i n this essay which are Hinduism, Daoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism. Each religion has similar ideas when it comes to the lack of value of the material world and finding true spiritual meaning but differs in many things. For instance, how to escape the material world, practices, the purpose in life, and moralRead More Materialism and Greed Essay657 Words   |  3 Pages Materialism: Can it make you Happy? Can Greed and Materialism lead to true happiness? â€Å"Greed is good. Greed is right. Greed works and greed will save the USA.† (Wall Street) â€Å"Cause we are living in a material world and I am a material girl† a theme in one of Madonna’s most famous songs. Greed and materialism stand in apposition to any manifestation of true happiness. People are under a false perception that money will solve all of their problems and as a result bring them their utmost joy andRead MoreWaste Land: All about Vik Muniz1040 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction The documentary â€Å"Waste Land† is about Vik Muniz, an artist known for his series of amazing and creative images made from sugar, chocolate syrup, pigment, dirt and peanut butter. He started using different materials from garbage for his art and through his art he tried to help the pickers of the largest landfills near Rio de Genaro. In this analysis I also implement French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan’s view about the society and culture. Jacques Lacan criticized the society and cultureRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of Modern Architecture1171 Words   |  5 Pagesa relevant remote past to the present time.† On the other hand, â€Å"Modern Architecture† article also defines Modern architecture as; â€Å"A new architectural style that emerged in many Western countries in the decade after World War I. It was based on the rational use of modern materials, the principles of functionalist planning, and the rejection of historical precedent and ornament.† T here are multiple reasons why Modern architecture is the best of all the architectural styles: it’s inexpensive andRead MoreAdvantage Of Modern Architecture1148 Words   |  5 Pagesa relevant remote past to the present time.† On the other hand, â€Å"Modern Architecture† article also defines Modern architecture as; â€Å"A new architectural style that emerged in many Western countries in the decade after World War I. It was based on the rational use of modern materials, the principles of functionalist planning, and the rejection of historical precedent and ornament.† There are multiple reasons why Modern architecture is the best of all the architectural styles: it’s inexpensive andRead MoreAnalysis Of Hanley s Everyday Things1421 Words   |  6 PagesSummarize: The main argument in Hanley’s Everyday Things in Premodern Japan, is that the standard of living is an inaccurate way to evaluate the pre-industrialization of Japan. Hanley breaks down her argument by explaining it in three suitable subparts. She explains that the standard of living is an insufficient way to indicate how people lived during that period, an insufficient way of examining sine qua nons of the industrialization, and an insufficient way to set side by side with other industrializedRead MoreThe Book If You Feel Happy 1558 Words   |  7 Pagesdifferent ideas and explanations for why some people can be generally happier than others. This can all be based on their affluence, well-being, materials, and overall health of their state of mind. Although some people do not have as many riches as others, they could be happier. This could be because of the person wears rose colored glasses towards the world. They could tell themselves that they are happy—despite misery. This could, in turn, let them push their problems away. Telling themselves theyRead MoreThe Means Of Being Happy Essay1637 Words   |  7 Pagesfor a good person. Many authors over generations have been curious as to obtaining happiness, but in today’s world these authors0 are associated with happiness in connection to material goods. The true happiness comes from within and around oneself. Authors like Aristotle, Daniel Haybron, and Wendell Berry touch upon the basis of human happiness. They conclude that being happy is through living a virtuous life, one filled with connections to the Earth, with oneself and to those in the community. AristotleRead MoreLiving A Happy And Simple Life761 Words   |  4 Pageshappy and simple life? It is more than certainly possible to live a life of bliss, even in a world with today’s chaotic means. You do not need to be rich in order to live a luxurious life, you could be the poorest person in the world but also the happiest. Social media is also a very big aspect for humanity when it comes to happiness. As stated in the introduction, you can be the poorest person in the world, yet happier than the richest person. A statement from a very well known commercial and advertisement

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Threat, Responsibility, And Solutions Climate Change...

The Threat, Responsibility, and Solutions to Climate Change and Global Warming â€Å"If the Maldives cannot be saved today we do not feel that there is much of a chance for the rest of the world.† - said Former President of the Maldives, Mohamed Nasheed, while sitting underwater signing a document calling for global reduction in carbon emissions. He is right, if we do not start improving the climate right now, our world will soon be under water like the lowest nation, the Maldives which is predicted to be submerged by 2085. This paper will focus on four questions: Why climate change, or global warming, is real? Why do human beings take major responsibility for it? Why is it a top-priority of every nation? And why can we believe that together you and I are able to tackle it? Despite numerous irrefutable evidence, many people including scientists, experts, and politicians still deny the existence and urgency of climate change as well as human responsibility for the problem. In their opinions, climate change is no more than a hoax of scientists and climatologists. In a 2014 survey, a senior writer at The Huffington Post, Carolyn Gregoire concluded 23 percent of Americans said they did not believe in global warming, and 53 percent said it was not human-caused. President- elect Donald Trump who is among the global-warming denials, wrote on his Twitter â€Å"the concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.† He also saidShow MoreRelatedGlobal Warming: Humans Are Destroying the Planet Essay1435 Words   |  6 PagesGlobal warming is the gradual increase of temperature in the world’s atmosphere. It is often caused by high levels of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. It may also be increased by fossil fuels and agriculture causing many severe consequences, such as: species extinction, reduced forest and coral reefs, drought increases in Africa, severe flooding in Asia, threats to small islands because of ocean levels rising, and severe weather in hurricane zones. Our society today is destroying the climateRead MoreGlobal Warming Is A Problem1654 Words   |  7 Pagesthis reason is global warming. Global warming is a problem that some people choose to ignore. They claim it does not exist. Global warming is real. It is time for people to stop ignoring it and start searching for a solution. Although many people do not believe in global warming, blaming the climate change on the sun, global warming is a serious danger to the Earth because it could have serious effects on the plant and animal populations. To fully grasp the effects of global warming, one must firstRead MoreThe Problem Of Global Warming1228 Words   |  5 Pagestherefore, are addressed by everyone. Global warming is a social issue that traverses national borders, making it an international concern. It is a social problem because many diverse social groups from all over the globe have viewed it as a cause for concern (Weart 74). Nations have come together and tried to fight the problem through the adoption of various policies that stem or curb the growth of global warming. In this paper, the problem of global warming is analyzed from an in-depth study ofRead MoreEndangerment of the Snow Leopard Essay1005 Words   |  5 Pagesterrain high up in the mountains. What they don’t imagine is a helpless animal whose habitat is being destroyed. That is exactly what is happening to these beautiful creatures. Mountain ranges, where these rare cats live, are under the attack of global warming, and the snow leopard popu lation is dwindling because of humans. One of the more well-known snow leopard habitats are the Himalayas. Located in Asia, the Himalayas are becoming warmer each year, which results in a higher treeline. The snowRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects On The Environment Essay1585 Words   |  7 Pagesare also â€Å"victims† of global warming. Recent research indicates the rise of both ocean acidification caused by carbon dioxide and water temperature are threatening 75 percent of the world’s coral reefs since the changes of water’s features make they unable to absorb calcium carbonate which makes up their shells. Moreover, climate change not only challenges scientists and climatologists, but also puts a big pressure on economists, sociologists and politics. The changes in climate can shift crop patternsRead MoreProblems and Solutions to Catastrophic Global Warming1025 Words   |  5 PagesProblems and Solutions to Catastrophic Global Warming Global warming is becoming a major problem for our environment. Global warming is causing the atmosphere to become warmer which causes many problems for the environment. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere allows sunlight to pass through, but it traps heat from escaping. This causes the earth to warm which keeps the earth from becoming a ball of frozen ice, but excess carbon dioxide causes global warming, which will affect the environment. ThereRead MoreThe Problem Of Global Warming1088 Words   |  5 Pageswe do not want to repeat the story in the movie The Age of Stupid, in which a man lives in the devastated future world of 2055. The man looks back to today’s date and asks himself why we did not stop the climate change when we had the chance. However, today global warming is out of control, global temperatures are steadily rising. â€Å"The primary cause, a consensus of scientists has said, is the rising emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane† (S tone, 2013). The CO2 stays in theRead MoreGlobal Warming - Is It Man-Made or Mother Nature or Both?1305 Words   |  6 PagesGlobal Warming - Is It Man-Made or Mother Nature or Both? Global warming is define as the global increase in the average temperature of the earth, that near the air-surface and the oceans which caused by the emission of the gases. These include carbon dioxide, methane and nitrogen that trap the sun’s heat in the earth. It’s happened since the mid-twentieth century and its projected would be continuation. Global warming is an extremely severe problem facing the world today. Its effects and causesRead MoreGlobal Warming Is A Major Problem Of The 21 Century1209 Words   |  5 Pages Global Warming has become a major problem of the 21 century. It affects the Earth’s habitats, oceans, and biodiversity. Over the years, scientists have begun to understand the causes and effects of global warming and have searched for solutions. Oxford defines global warming as the process of gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere. There are several reasons that can explain global warming, such as human activities, natural events, and solar activity. The most important causeRead MoreClimate change and society Essay1055 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿LSGI1B02 Climate Change and Society Second draft Name : Suen Ching Yi Student ID : 14101226D Topic : In considering solutions to the problem of global warming, state whether you agree with the statement by Tickell ((1996), in Houghton, Chapter 8 p.253) â€Å"Mostly we know what to do but we lack the will to do it†. Give reasoned arguments in support of your opinion. Global warming is the topic that increasingly occuipies the attention of world. Is it really happening?

Friday, May 15, 2020

Persuasive Paper on Pit Bulls - 1664 Words

Are Pit-Bulls an overly vicious breed or are they just misunderstood by todays American society? Jessica Williams Strayer University ENG215046VA016 June 04, 2011 When you see a Pit bull, what is the first thing that goes through your mind? For some, it is a sense of fear and for others it is the thought that this breed is misunderstood. Have you ever stopped and thought about if the Pit bull breed is really a vicious breed, or are they just misinterpreted due to the reputation that others have given them along with the many myths that are attached to them? What about the owners of these precious animals? Do you ever think that they are the reason that their Pit bull may be a vicious dog? Many times people speculate too much†¦show more content†¦These are just a few of the many ways that American Pit Bull Terriers are loyal to their owners as well as considered heroes among many people. When you mention the words Pit Bull, many times people immediately begin talking about the statistics of them attacking other people as well as other dogs. A survey was conducted in 2009 of attack percentages of Pit Bulls compared to other bre eds such as Rottweilers, German Shepherds, and Chows. Among this survey, the Pit Bull breed scored the lowest with a 0.00125 and the highest being the Rottweiler with a score of 0.00433 ( On the website, it states that Pit-Bulls are the leading culprit in dog attacks, this is just a broad statistic which does not adequately explain whether these attacks were of dogs which were used in illegal dog fighting rings or whether they were just your average house pet. Many times when surveys are conducted dealing with dog temperaments and aggressiveness, Pit Bulls are the main breed that is done incorrectly. I say this because a Pit Bull is not actually a breed, but a label given by the Breed Specific Legislation, BLU, to describe many breeds such as: the American Bulldog, American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, Bull Terrier, and Mini Bull Terrier. How does anyone know wh at the percentage of the real American Pit BullShow MoreRelatedRed Bull Case : Digital Marketing3423 Words   |  14 PagesOnline marketing : The Red Bull case Content Introduction A closer look at Red Bull’s strategy Red Bull’s customer base Red Bull’s strategy Red Bull marketing strategy Red Bull’s online marketing Leveraging the use of Internet and social media When Red Bull tends to cross the line How get Red Bull become even better? Appendices Bibliography Introduction : short review of Red Bull’s history 1 While travelling in Asia, the autrian business man andRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 PagesDeCandia Alana Filipovich Jeof Vita Arthur Medina Allison Morris This book was set in 10/12 New Caledonia by Aptara ®, Inc. and printed and bound by Courier/Westford. The cover was printed by Courier/Westford. This book is printed on acid-free paper. Copyright  © 2009, 2006, 2004, 2001, 1998, 1995, 1992, 1989, 1986, 1981, 1976 John Wiley Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronicRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagespoisonous snake in North America, there are four types of poisonous snakes on the continent: rattlesnakes, copperheads, moccasins, and coral snakes. The first three belong to the pit viper group, and the most reliable physical trait by which to identify them is the pair of pits between the eye and the nostril. These pits are heat sensitive and allow the snake to sense its prey. Keep in mind that a snakes venom is designed for catching food, not attacking people. ââ€"   21. Is the following passageRead MoreStrategy Safari by Mintzberg71628 Words   |  287 Pages12 Hang On, Ladies and Gentlemen, You Have Yet to Meet the Whole Beast References 375 Index 397 349 EMBARKATION T his trip began with a paper by Henry called Strategy Formation: Schools of Thought, published by Jim Fredrickson in a collection entitled Perspectives on Strategic Management (HarperCollins, 1990). Bruce used the paper in a course at Trent University and found that it worked well. Why don t you do a book on it? he suggested. Why don t we do it together? Henry repliedRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagesthe items, you may occasionally observe some information that you think is relevant and want to remember (or attend to in the future) but that you decide not to include in any of your responses to employees. Write down such information on a sheet of paper titled â€Å"note to self.† Sample Response Form Relates to: Memo # ______ Response form: ______ Letter/Memo ______ E-mail ______ Phone call/Voice mail ______ Meet with person (when, where) ______ Note to self ______ No response E-mail # ______ Voice mailRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pages978-1-4399-0269-1 (cloth : alk. paper)—ISBN 978-1-4399-0270-7 (paper : alk. paper)—ISBN 978-1-4399-0271-4 (electronic) 1. History, Modern—20th century. 2. Twentieth century. 3. Social history—20th century. 4. World politics—20th century. I. Adas, Michael, 1943– II. American Historical Association. D421.E77 2010 909.82—dc22 2009052961 The paper used in this publication meets the requirements of the American National Standard for Information Sciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Depression A Serious Mental Illness - 2213 Words

Introduction Depression is a serious mental illness that changes how an individual thinks and feels. It can also affect their social behaviors and physical wellness. Depression also significantly affects an individuals self esteem. It is not jut a feeling of occasional sadness, but a constant feeling of sadness that stays with you. Depression is one of the most commonly diagnosed disorders that can affect a wide range of individuals. It has a wide range of symptoms, causes and risk factors. In some cases if untreated it can lead to a major catastrophe, such as suicide. Research as found that over 16% of individuals who have been diagnosed have committed suicide (Rihmer et al., 2010). Depression can occur along with other mental disorders such as anxiety disorders or bipolar disorder. When an individual is diagnosis with severe depression that are diagnosis with major depressive disorder. The lifetime prevalence of MDD is 16.2% and has been found to be more common in women. Symptoms of depression can vary from one person to another; some individuals may not even realize that they are becoming depressed (Phillips et al., 2015). There are numerous reasons why someone can develop depression. Most often it takes more than one incident to make an individual develop depression. Often a severe stressor has to occur for the onset. Medication is a common treatment for depression, but most often it takes more than medication to treat major depression (Davison et al., 2013). DepressionShow MoreRelatedIs Depression A Serious Mental Illness?1219 Words   |  5 Pages Depression is a serious mental illness that is more than just a sad feeling. It has proven to be much more complex and has associations with personality as well as its traits, specifically two out of the Big Five personality traits; neuroticism and conscientiousness (McCrae Costa, 1999). The research conducted by Philip I. Chow and Brent E. Roberts of the Department of Psychology at the University of Illinois, have conducted their own research to provide evidence that these static levels ofRead MoreThe Mega Marketing Of Depression1601 Words   |  7 Pagestext â€Å"The Mega-Marketing of Depression in Japan†, he talks about how different culture brought difference view about the same incident, depression, mental illness and its medication. He explains that Japanese culture has a different understanding and definition of depression and mental illness as compared with American culture. In Japanese culture, doctors distinguish depression and mental illness as very rare and cr ucial matters that makes patients going to the mental hospital for over a year. InRead MoreMental Illness And Condition That Influences The Brain1654 Words   |  7 Pages Define the mental illness. Depression is a mental illness and condition that influences the brain. The mental illness affects an individual’s feelings and thoughts negatively which results in the lowering of one’s mood. 2. Describe the nature of the mental illness. Depression is a real mental condition that affects many people around the world. It affects all ages, social backgrounds and genders. There are many signs and symptoms of depression. Common symptoms of depression are sleepingRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Depression1576 Words   |  7 PagesGinika addresses Ifemelu directly about her mental health, declaring, â€Å"I think you’re suffering from depression (Adichie 194).† Ginika states it directly using clear, and even, confrontational words such as her use of the words â€Å"suffering† and â€Å"depression.† â€Å"Suffering† is a word with a heavy and loaded connotation, where it implies that a person is helpless to their condition, and that the condition that they are bearing is serious. â€Å"Suffering† is unlike the words â€Å"hurting† or â€Å"aching;† it forcesRead MoreMental Illness And The Black Community Essay1180 Words   |  5 Pages Introduction Mental illness is and has always been a serious topic. But it has not always been taken as serious in the black community. From my research, scholars and medical professionals in the field of mental health spoke on the fact that mental illness is a stigma in the black community and the conversation of this is not happening. There are many factors that contributed to this. Factors such as the distrustRead MoreMental Illness : The World Of Sexually Transmitted Disease1266 Words   |  6 PagesThere is only adjustment.† Neil Gaiman’s quote on psychiatry in the world perfectly explains why â€Å"43.8 million (American) adults experience mental illness in a given year† (â€Å"Mental Health By the Numbers†). Mental illness is something not to take lightly. In my personal experience, mental illness can be life-changing. My older sister suffered from serious depression, and still suffers from anxiety. To find out how many levels of psychiatric symptoms I have and what that means to society and people likeRead MoreMental Illness, By David Shipler And Scaling Up Mental Health Care1106 Words   |  5 Pagesissue of mental illness is ignored. It can affect just about anyone, this includes those below the poverty line. The article, â€Å"Scaling Up Mental Health Care† mentions how one in ten people are suffering from mental illness at any time. Mental illnesses can keep individuals from obtaining or maintaining a job, which can keep them below the poverty line. David Shipler wrote the novel, The Working Poor: Invisible in America, but he is culpable for completely skipping over the topic of mental illness whichRead MoreA Critic Of Mental Illness Essay1280 Words   |  6 Pages Are you ashamed to be a critic of mental illness or inspired to believe in a solution? Mental illnesses consists of a wide range of serious mental conditions such as anxiety disorder, OCD, depression, s chizophrenia and much more. Mental illnesses can be caused by social, psychological and even biological factors. According to :† World Mental Health Day: Nobody should ever be alone with a mental health problem(2013)†, Illona Burton says that: â€Å"Mental illness accounts for a third of all illnessesRead More Women and Depression Essay1048 Words   |  5 PagesDepression is the most common mental health disorder; it affects over 17 million American adults each year. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by at least four symptoms such as changes in sleep, appetite, weight, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions; or recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation, thoughts or attempts. â€Å"Women are approximately two times more likely than men to sufferRead MoreClincal Depression Essay1445 Words   |  6 PagesClincal Depression Depression is a very common disease that will affect a large percentage of the population at some point during their life span. At least 10% of all people will suffer from a major depressive disorder, while even a larger percentage will suffer from some type of mild depression. It is a serious disease that has been linked to other physical and mental illnesses. It has also been a cause of death in numerous cases due to suicide and heart disease. The most disturbing fact

Nelson Mandela Reflection - 813 Words

Initially, South Africa was a country shackled by apartheid. This means that, South Africa was congested with discrimination with regards to race. Due to the discrimination and segregation among groups of South Africans, they felt as if they were not interconnected to one another. Rugby was a sport played by both white and black, in the beginning of the movie they show the differences between their equipment, their sense of belonging to the game, the rules, and it shows they split up into two separate schools or two different fields. Therefore, the nationalism is simply not there, there was no alliance between the two yet. Nelson Mandela changed that in 1994 when he was the first black president. Throughout the film events took place†¦show more content†¦Nelson’s overall goal was to unite the nation that had once been divided by apartheid, and he stated â€Å"it will not be easy for anyone in this country.† Mandela wanted to create a country in which all South Africas both white and black, would be able to walk tall without any fear in their hearts, he wanted to create a rainbow nation that was at peace with itself and the world, so he did exactly that with the help of everyone in the country. The relationships started to bloom, people started to look at one another with a different perspective. The nation was utterly one, it was becoming united. For example the Springboks went to show these kids how to play rugby which was a request from Mr. Mandela. Due to the citizens becoming more interconnected it created a sense of democracy, the people who wondered if their country was ever going to collaborate finally realized that their country South Africa, w as finally coming together and Mandela was helping everyone find their sense of belonging nor it matter what race you were. The apartheid ended with Nelson Mandela and hat is what made South Africa strive for their very best after many years of being corrupted. Rugby; rugby is a sport Mandela was genuinely very passionate about. He desired for the Springboks to win the world cup in Nineteen-Ninety-Five that was hosted in his very own South Africa, Mandela was the reason theShow MoreRelatedNelson Mandelas Leadership4907 Words   |  20 PagesMANDELA’S LEADERSHIP June 6, 2012 TITLE PAGE CAUCASUS UNIVERSITY CAUCASUS SCHOOL OF BUSINESS COURSE TITLE: Developing effective leadership skills COURSE CODE: MGS-3211 INSTRUCTOR: Dara Ahmed GROUP PRESENTATION: N1 PRESENTATION TITLE: NELSON MANDELA’S LEADERSHIP GROUP MEMBERS: Tamar Geladze DATE: 6th of June, 2012 12 Page 2 NELOSN MANDELA’S LEADERSHIP June 6, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENT TITLE PAGE...........................................................................Read MoreLeadership and Nelson Mandela Essay1452 Words   |  6 PagesNelson Mandela seems to be like a replica of the American political leader Martin Luther King who fought for the end of racial segregation. As quoted by Mandela, â€Å"I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.† He was a transformational leader who uncompromising for rights he fought for in his country South Africa. I believe thatRead MoreNelson Mandel A Visionary And Ethical Leader2012 Words   |  9 PagesWell, Nelson Mandela, prisoner #466-64, did not. Nelson Mandela was both a visionary and ethical leader as demonstrated by his actions and decisions when confronting the brutal polices of apartheid in South Africa. To prove my claim, first, I will provide historical facts and poignant truths that show Mandela was a visionary leader by employing idealized influence and inspirational motivation as he led the struggle against apartheid and an oppressive regime. Next, I will prove how Mandela was anRead MoreWhat Did The Release Of Nelson Mandela And The Willingness Of Fw De Klerk?2325 Words   |  10 PagesAshleigh Blieden 12MT Key 2 Hyde Park High School Stage 4 To what extent did the release of Nelson Mandela and the willingness of FW De Klerk to work with the African National Congress, help bring democracy into South Africa? â€Æ' Contents Page †¢ Cover Page 1 †¢ ContentsRead MoreThe Union Of South Africa1986 Words   |  8 Pagesvaluable sources that are going to be used to explore this are Nelson Mandela’s illustrated Long Walk to Freedom , and the article â€Å"The Union of South Africa† created by the South African History Online (SAHO). The illustrated Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela: This source is Nelson Mandela’s autobiography, and follows his life from his birth in 1918 until the South African elections in May 10 1994 . Nelson Mandela began writing it in 1974 during his imprisonment on Robben IslandRead MoreNelson Mandela Is the Definition of a Legendary Leader Essay2580 Words   |  11 PagesNelson Mandela (1918-2013) is the definition of a legendary leader. He liberated South Africans from turmoil. He sacrificed his freedom, personal relationships, and suffering to save the lives of many. And, he partnered with different countries to help make South Africa a better place. Nelson Mandela was seen as a statesman, celebrity, and legendary leader around the world. This paper will discuss Nelson Mandela’s background, training, and education as well as his accomplishments. This paperRead MoreThe Music Of The South African Anti Apartheid Movement1259 Words   |  6 Pageshundreds of protestors and arrested leaders such as Nelson Mandela. Failin g to bring about change, the Anti-Apartheid movement put pressure on the government by decimating the local economy and gained international support by highlighting segregation and provoking police brutality. Ultimately, the local and international pressure on the South African regime under president F.W. de Klerk proclaimed the Anti-Apartheid movement triumphant and Nelson Mandela was elected a president of the parliamentary democracyRead MoreNelson Mandela Analysis1695 Words   |  7 PagesIn Nelson Mandela’s autobiography A Long Walk to Freedom, the final thought he leaves the reader with as he reflects on the moment’s pause he has taken to look back on his lifelong endeavours is: â€Å"But I can rest only for a moment, for with freedom come responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not yet ended,† (Mandela, 625). Even in his reflection of the wonderful accomplishments he has achieved in his lifetime Mandela attests to the many responsibil ities he still has, and similarRead MoreThe Racial Of Apartheid And The Significant Historical Events Within The 40 Year Period1657 Words   |  7 Pagesthe election of 1948. This construct designed to create â€Å"separateness† between races began a struggle for the next 50 years that can be seen in the music of black African people. The effects of apartheid continued until the election of 1994 when Nelson Mandela was elected president of South Africa and all races could vote in an election for the first time in the country’s history. Apartheid began with the removal of black Africans from their homes and relocation to segregated townships. NeighborhoodsRead MoreHow Can African Nations Achieve Economic Growth? Essay1104 Words   |  5 Pagesparticipation would help bolster their empowerment, or other words involvement in their government (Mandela). A relationship between government and people would guarantee that developing was happening and money was used correctly . Civilians are an important part of any strong government, as is money. Nelson Mandela once said, â€Å"It has to be ended by our own decisive mass action in order to build peace and security† (Mandela). If the people take the time to watch and partake in the happenings of their nation’s

Standard Form Contract

Question: Explain Standard Form Contract? Answer: Standard form contract refers to the agreement signed by the parties, but the terms and conditions set by one side. The other part of the contract has no ability or a little part to negotiate the terms of the contract with a provision of take it or leave it situation. The standard form of contract is also referred to as a boilerplate or adhesion contract. The example of this type of contract is insurance policies where the insurer is in decision making position about the insured subjects or objects. It also refers to the government contract with the government agencies as there is the inclusion of some clauses by the law or regulations (Brook 2012). The standard form of contract is not illegal per se, and there is a genuine possibility for unconscionability. If any ambiguity occurs, that will be solved by the interpretation against the drafting party of the contract. The standard form of contract is signed between two or more diverse negotiating partners. This contract is lawfully binding the parties to the agreement for doing a certain thing, where bargaining power assigned to one party and it may be written in the contract preliminary for an advantage (Chappell 2014). Overview The standard form of contract plays a significant role to promote the economic efficiency. This type of contract reduces the transaction by preventing the necessitate for the buyers and sellers of services and goods. On the contrary, there is a possibility for the signatories to sign the contract with unjust and inefficient terms. Also, they are not allow to modify or terminate the contract. It is difficult for the large-scale organisations to make separate contracts with every possible person. For that reason, they have a written and printed form of the contract. The contract includes an enormous number of terms and conditions that confine or exclude the liability of the huge companies. The other part of the contract would sign the contract by understanding the conditions without any modifications (Fawzy and El-adaway 2013). The terms may be accepted for following reasons: Seldom read the standard form contracts Lengthy adhesion contracts terms often written in a complex legal language and finely printed seems irrelevant in the contract. The buyers do not understand the legal language apparently, they use to find the information as irrelevant. Although the buyers may understand the terms of the contract, they have no option to negotiate as the contract is represented by the provision of 'take it or leave it'. One need a lot of time to read and understand the terms of the contract, but the expected payoff is very little (Adriaanse and Robinson 2015). Access to full terms is difficult before acceptance Sometimes, one signed a document, which is not the entire contract. The purchaser seldom told that some more terms are written in another location. It reduces the probability that the customer may read the clauses of the contract. Sometimes the provisions are written in the box and have to open the box before reading the terms. For example, the software license agreements interpret after the acceptance of the terms of the contract by buying the good. This types of contracts may be not enforceable as the common law states that all the conditions of the contract should be disclosed before the contract is performed (Eadie et al. 2015). No significance of boilerplate terms The quality and price of the product are most material for the buyers before buying any goods or services, which are understood by them before signing the contract of adhesion. The purchasers are not interested to know or understand the terms of the agreement, which have a little chance of occurrence. For this reason, the opportunity of reading the terms became very quiet, or the buyers use to ignore the provisions of the contract (Cooke and Williams 2013). Social pressure for signing the contract The main details of the transaction firstly explained to the purchasers, then the standard form contracts signed. At that time, social pressure from the various sources are provided to the buyers to wrap up the bargain. The salesperson often said that there is no reason to treat the terms as if that is only waste of time, and told that the conditions are some formalities written by the lawyers and need to sign by purchasers. In case, the buyer stands in the first place in a queue, and then people standing behind him/her give some additional pressure to sign quickly. Finally, in case, the salesperson give a concession on a product describing as a gift, and then the purchaser has the obligation of being co-operative with them and conclude the transaction (Cheung 2014). Exploitation of unequal power relations by standard form contracts If a contract of adhesion is the basis of selling a good and it is crucial for the buyers to buy the product, then the purchasers have an interpretation that they have no other choice other than to accept the terms. The example for these contracts is a rental property or requirement of medical item. The dilemma may be lessened in case the number of suppliers of the goods increase who have different terms written I the contract. However, this solution always not possible to invoke, for instance, a student may have to sign a contract before joining in the college dormitory as the college would not allow the freshman to stay out of the campus (Joyce and Houghton 2014). It is contended that consumers can negotiate with the terms of the contract in a competitive market as they have choices to accept the product in their favourable conditions. However, if one wants the credit card or the other oligopolies, for example, the customer able to shop around with the access to the standard forms of contracts with same types of terms and there is no opportunity to moderate the terms (Ndekugri and Rycroft 2012). Reasonable Notice The document delivered by the person has the duty to provide the proper notice to the other party about the printed provisions of the contract. The terms of the agreement has not bound the offeree if he has not been understood by the offeror (Chong and Phuah 2013). In Henderson v. Stevenson, a steamer ticket was bought by the plaintiff where the destination it was written on the front side and on the back side, certain terms including the liability of loss, injury or damages were mentioned. There was no indication on the front side to refer the back of the ticket for terms and the plaintiff travelled without seeing the back of the ticket. The luggage of the claimant was lost during the journey because of the mistake of employees of the company. The court found the harm to the plaintiff should be recovered from the defendant despite the exemption clause mentioned in the ticket (Henderson v. Stevenson [1875]). Unenforceable nature of the standard form contracts The contractual dispute resolution clause may be unenforceable in the legal system as it seems to be an agreement to agree. In WTE Co-generation and Visy Energy Pty Limited v RCR Energy Pty Limited Anor, there was a provision of dispute resolution in the contract mentioning that the senior executives would attempt to resolve the differences. The court held that the clause of the dispute resolution is the agreement to agree, which is not enforceable at law (WTE Co-generation and Visy Energy Pty Limited v RCR Energy Pty Limited Anor, [2013]). Incorporation of unfair terms The common law stated that at the time of signing the contract, the term of the adhesion contract is to be brought to the notice of the contracting party. The terms of the contract would not be said to be accepted by the party unless they know the provision. Therefore, the term would not be a part of the agreement (AkbÄÂ ±yÄÂ ±klÄÂ ±, Dikmen and Eaton 2012). In Olley v Marlborough Court, the claimant books a hotel room. In the reception desk, the plaintiff signed the contract where any elimination clause was not mentioned. A note was given at the back of the door in the hotel room. In the notice, it was mentioned that the hotel proprietors exclude their liability in case of any damage or loss of the property of the boarders. The court held that the notice referred to in back door is not effective as the contract is already signed by the parties before the claimant saw the notice. The notice in the back of the gate did not form the part of the notice (Olley v Marlboroug h Court, [1949]). Fundamental breach of contract In case one term of the standard forms contract resulted in the basic breach of contract, then such term must be removed from the standard forms contract so that the weaker among the parties be protected. If a party has high bargaining power, then the party tries to insert the exemption clause in the contract that the duty for the performance of the contractual obligation is harmful (Cakmak and Tas 2014). In Alexander v. Railway Executive, the claimant received a ticket in return of his deposition of luggage in the cloak room of defendant. The ticket has a printed term about the exemption of liability of the defendants in the case of any loss or misdelivery of luggage. The luggage of the plaintiff was delivered to an unauthorised person without producing the ticket. The court held that there was a fundamental breach of the contract as of non-delivery of the luggage to the plaintiff. The defendants held liable for the damages to the claimant (Alexander v. Railway Executive [1951]). Liability in tort In case there is a general exemption clause mentioning the exclusion of all obligations in the contract, still the liability for tort will not be excluded. In White v. John Warwick Co Ltd, the defendant, gave the cycle on hire basis to the plaintiff. The defendant settled in the agreement to maintain the cycle in the working condition. The agreement contains a clause that the respondent would not be liable for any personal injury. While travelling in the cycle, the load of the cycle tilted forward and the claimant fall from the cycle and injury occurred. The court held that though the exemption clause mentioned in the agreement, the defendant is liable for their negligence for which the plaintiff got an injury. (White v. John Warwick Co Ltd [1953]) Liability towards the third party The common law of contract stated that contract is an agreement signed by two parties signed it, no third party or any party other than who signed the agreement has any liability to fulfill the contract. However, in certain cases, the third party is liable for the terms of the standard forms of contract (Mzyece et al. 2012). In Morris v. CW Martin Sons, the furrier got the fur garment to clean from the plaintiff. As the furrier was not into the business of cleaning the fur garment, the plaintiff consented to give the garment to the defendant for cleaning. The plaintiff filed a case against the defendant as the fur garments were stolen by the servant of the respondent. The defendant claimed that he should be exempted from the liability as there was no contract signed by the plaintiff and him. The court held the defendant liable for the lost and said that he was not allowed any exemption (Morris v. CW Martin Sons [1966]). Standard forms of Construction Contracts The International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC), New Engineering Contract (NEC) and Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) mostly issue the forms of construction contracts used in England. In some cases, the obligation on construction and design are upon the constructor. There are other organizations, which publish standard forms of contracts used on the construction projects like the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) and the Institute of Chemical Engineers (IChemE) (Yoke-Lian et al. 2012). FIDIC The FIDIC forms used three types of design and construction that mainly vary in the assigning dependability for designing the works and in the allotment of risk: The Red Book It is the Conditions of Contract for Construction for Building and Engineering Works Design by the Employer, and also known as the Construction Contract. The Yellow Book Conditions of Contract for Plant and Design Build for Electrical and Mechanical Plant, and for Building and Engineering Works Designed by the Contractor, also known as the Plant and Design-Build Contract; and (c) The Silver Book Conditions of Contract for Engineering, Procurement and Construction/Turnkey Projects, also known as the EPC/Turnkey Contract. FIDIC also publishes the White Book Consultant Model Services Agreement, which is a commonly used standard form for consultant services (Taggart, Koskela and Rooke 2012). NEC The NEC 3 Engineering and Construction Contract (NEC 3 ECC) implements a diverse advancement in the terminology, formation, and contracting the viewpoint to the customary forms, like the FIDIC forms. The NEC 3 adopts a mutual course focusing on the involvement of the party and contract administration. There is another standard form published by the NEC known as the NEC 3 Professional Services Contract. The form implements same collaborative contracting philosophy (Oluwole, Razak and Oluwole 2012). JCT The standard forms contract issued by the Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) is the common forms of the contract of building in the real estate of the UK for the construction projects. The standard forms of sub-contract and the collateral warranty also published by the JCT for the use of the construction projects in England. A broad variety of the construction contracts publishes by the JCT in England. The JCT prints standard forms based on the character of the construction projects, the contemplation of particular procurement route, and the calculation of payment for the work done and paid to the contractor (Holt 2013). The JCT standard forms of contracts consist of the typical forms specially made for: Traditional procurement The task for the design of the project and the construction are reserved different, where the employer selected team created the project and accordingly the separately appointed constructors construct the building. Design and build procurement The requirement of the employer is meet by the constructor who is responsible for both designing and constructing the building. Construction management The employer engages a professional team, which is accountable for work design and monitor the work management, some trade contractors with different work packages and manager of construction for administering and managing the trade contracts separately for the company. The consultancy agreements perhaps exercise by the consultants or developers. However, the model forms of industry of the consultant agreement issued by several qualified bodies are often used by some projects. Specifically, the model forms of industry are regarded as consultant-friendly, and bespoke forms are utilised by the developers and preferred by funders (Feinman 2015). Conclusion The standard form contracts are uniform contracts, which contains huge terms and conditions printed and limits or eliminates the liability under the contract. By the standard forms, the large companies got the opportunities to abuse the weak point of the individual. The giant companies imposed the terms on individual look like private legislation can extend to exemption of liability under the contract. When the matter takes to the courts, it is found very difficult to rescue the weaker party. For this reason, certain rules made by the courts have for protection of the interest of the customer, passenger or the consumer to whom any exemption clause of the standard form contracts imposed. References Adriaanse, J. and Robinson, H., 2015. Procurement and Contract Strategy: Risks Allocation and Construction Cost.Design Economics for the Built Environment: Impact of Sustainability on Project Evaluation, p.121. AkbÄÂ ±yÄÂ ±klÄÂ ±, R., Dikmen, S.. and Eaton, D., 2012. Insurance Issues and Design and Build Construction Contracts.e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy,7(1), p.1A0292. Alexander v. Railway Executive [1951] 2 KB 882) Brook, M., 2012.Estimating and tendering for construction work. Routledge. Cakmak, P.I. and Tas, E., 2014. EVALUATION OF THE CONDITIONS OF THE CONTRACT USED IN THE TURKISH CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.International Journal of Academic Research,6(2). Chappell, D., 2014.The JCT Standard Building Contract 2011. John Wiley Sons. Cheung, S.O., 2014. 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Contract Law Present and Future: A Symposium to Honor Professor Charles L. Knapp on Fifty Years of Teaching Law: The Duty of Good Faith: A Perspective on Contemporary Contract Law.Hastings LJ,66, pp.937-1113. Henderson v. Stevenson[1875]L. R. 2 H. L. 470. Holt, G.D., 2013. Construction business failure: conceptual synthesis of causal agents.Construction Innovation,13(1), pp.50-76. Hughes, W., Champion, R. and Murdoch, J., 2015.Construction contracts: law and management. Routledge. Ilozor, B.D. and Kelly, D.J., 2012. Building information modeling and integrated project delivery in the commercial construction industry: A conceptual study.Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management,2(1), pp.23-36. Joyce, R. and Houghton, D., 2014. Briefing: Building information modelling and the law.Proceedings of the ICE-Management, Procurement and Law,167(3), pp.114-116. Lahdenper, P., 2012. Making sense of the multi-party contractual arrangements of project partnering, project alliancing and integrated project delivery.Construction Management and Economics,30(1), pp.57-79. Morris v. CW Martin Sons [1966] 1 QB 716 Mzyece, D., Ndekugri, I., Ankrah, N. and Hammond, F., 2012. Contractual provisions for health and safety: Standard form contracts in the UK construction industry. InCIB W099 International Conference: Modeling and Building Safety, Singapore, National University of Singapore. Ndekugri, I. and Rycroft, M., 2012.The JCT 05 Standard Building Contract. Routledge. Olley v Marlborough Court,[1949] 1 KB 532. Oluwole, A.A., Razak, A.R. and Oluwole, F.C., 2012. Comparative Study of Defect Liability Period Practice in Malaysia and Nigeria Building Industry.International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology,3(6), p.808. Porwal, A. and Hewage, K.N., 2013. 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